Disaster Risk Reduction
If the risk of disaster can be assessed and addressed before it occurs then we can greatly limit the effects on vulnerable communities. Reducing the impact of disasters – or Disaster Risk Reduction (DRR) – is a crucial area for the humanitarian sector to work on to meet the growing demands of future emergencies.
DRR can include the following:
- risk awareness and assessment, and vulnerability/capacity analysis
- education, training, research, and information
- public commitment, policy, legislation, and advocacy work
- community action
- environmental management, land-use, and urban planning
- early warning systems
How did the ECB address DRR?
- It provided a Community of Practice for DRR technical experts to share learning, programme challenges and experience in the field.
- It explored risk reduction models that help communities reduce their vulnerability to disasters, and approaches to analyzing risk.
- It helped to build links with key stakeholders e.g. the Global Network of Civil Society Organizations for Disaster Reduction (GNDR) and the UNISDR Global and Regional Platforms on Disaster Reduction.
In addition the ECB Project tested, developed and refined risk reduction tools and knowledge products, particularly in the five ECB consortia in Bolivia, Niger, the Horn of Africa, Bangladesh and Indonesia.
- The ECB Project published a practical guide to DRR: Toward Resilience: A Guide to DRR & CCA. It includes best practice, innovation and practical tools and activities and helps field staff to understand the latest approaches in preparedness and risk reduction.
- Bangladesh passed its first Disaster Management Act in September 2012. ECB agencies developed a joint advocacy strategy to influence the government and disaster management bureau. Initiatives included news articles and advocacy papers, highlighting the importance of community level consultation during the legislative process.
- The ECB project analyzed best practice in community-based risk assessment. Tools and resources from within Bolivia, Niger and Uganda were reviewed to find common principles and approaches, including, for example, Oxfam's Participatory Community Vulnerability Analysis (PCVA) tool.
- Disaster mapping exercises, to ensure agencies were prepared for disasters, identified serious overlaps in work. ECB coordinated their risk reduction initiatives, avoiding further duplication.
- In partnership with the International Institute of Rural Reconstruction (IIRR), the ECB Project’s DRR Initiative convened a ‘writeshop’ in 2005, bringing key stakeholders together to develop a handbook on DRR in Ethiopia. ‘Leaving Disasters Behind’ is the result of this unique process.
- DRR was a key topic of discussion at the ECBinter-active regional learning conferences, which were held between November 2011 and February 2012.
To see a list of all resources related to DRR, click here.
The map below shows some of the ECB Project's work on Disaster Risk Reduction around the world.
Kenya: STAFF CAPACITY
- February 2013 - KIRA election preparedness gathers pace in Kenya.
- December 5-7, 2012 - Kenya Initial Rapid Assessment (KIRA) intiative holds pre-election simulation to test preparedness.
- Final two day ENHAnce workshop comprising simulation and learning event, 15-16 November 2012. ENHAnce participants come from several countries in the region: Kenya, Somalia, South Sudan, Ethiopia and Rwanda.
- The Consortium of British Humanitarian Agencies (CBHA) Leadership and Management Competency Frameworks are reviewed in Nairobi (July 2010).
- Staff Retention Review workshop and training with People in Aid in Nairobi.
- ECB Project support People in Aid Humanitarian HR conference in Nairobi, held June 8-11, 2011.
- April 2013 - Good Enough Guide to Assessments feedback workshop held in the Horn of Africa.
- December 6-7, 2012. The CDAC Network is to hold a learning event in Nairobi, Kenya. The eventwill discuss how humanitarian organisations can communicate effectively with communities before, during and after a crisis, using new and traditional technologies.
- October 2012, ECB Accountability and Impact Measurement (AIM) Standing Team were deployed to Kenya to support UNOCHA, UNICEF and ACAPS who were working to build a more coherent and comprehensive approach to Rapid Needs Assessment in Kenya.
- Kenya Initial Rapid Assessment (KIRA) 6 day workshop between September 30 and October 5 2012 on Coordinated Needs Assessment and Accountability.
- CRS engaged in AIM, DRR and Good Enough Guide training
- World Vision initiated Good Enough Guide workshops with ECB agencies and other NGOs plus government, People In Aid and UN Inter-Agency Working Group (IAWG) simulation on Staff Care in Emergencies Mar ‘08.
- The Horn of Africa consortium evaluated their cash for food programs in Kenya.
Sudan: DISASTER RISK REDUCTION
- 65 participants from CRS and Caritas partners took part in Emergency Preparedness Planning training.
Bolivia: CONSORTIUM / LEARNING
- Bolivia is one of our key ECB consortia countries – more details
- Objective 1 review and planning process with their Consortium Engagement Plan (CEP) Review and Revision workshop and Consortium Learning Review (CLR) held in La Paz (February 2011).
- ECB Indonesia consortium members visited the ECB Bolivia consortium for a learning exchange (June 2011).
- Representatives from Bolivia consortium travelled to Bangladesh to take part in a learning exchange visit (Sept 2011).
- January 2013 - The 2012 Bolivia Consortium Self-Assessment Survey is now available to download.
- June 2013 - Representatives from ECB Bolivia visit Haiti for a learning exchange.
Bolivia: DISASTER RISK REDUCTION
- Bolivia consortium developed a common DRR language and tools to improve the coherence and coordination of future DRR initiatives.
- Toward Resilience: A Guide to Disaster Risk Reduction and Climate Change Adaptation consultation workshops held. The guide was launched in Bolivia on 11 December 2012.
- The Bolivia consortium held a training and field testing workshop 2-8 July 2012 for the development of a Risks Analysis and Participative Planning tool called the ARPP (Análisis de Riesgos y Planificación Participativa).
- Our learning from the PDRA and Planning Project - February 2013 newlsetter article.
- 6 March 2013 - ECB Bolivia release their video summarising the journey of the PDRA project.
- 19-30 November 2012: Accountability and Impact Measurement Standing Team learning workshop
- MercyCorps published a cost-benefit analysis for a Disaster Risk Reduction (DRR) program in Kailali. The report found that the benefits strongly outweigh the costs of DRR, by about 3.5 to 1 (October 2010).
Ethiopia: DISASTER RISK REDUCTION
- World Vision in the process of expanding the ECB Unit to mainstream Disaster Risk Reduction (DRR) into all development plans, inter-agency networking on DRR.
- Mercy Corps: DRR measures
- CRS: DRR measures
- Final two day ENHAnce workshop comprising simulation and learning event, 15-16 November 2012 in Kenya. ENHAnce participants come from several countries in the region: Kenya, Somalia, South Sudan, Ethiopia and Rwanda.
Guatemala: DISASTER RISK REDUCTION
Indonesia: DISASTER RISK REDUCTION
- Indonesia Disaster Response Engagement Protocols (DREP) signed off on April 1, 2011.
- Toward Resilience: A Guide to Disaster Risk Reduction and Climate Change Adaptation launched in Indonesia on 12 December 2012.
- A global Participatory Disaster Risk Assessment (PDRA) Project learning event was hosted by ECB Indonesia November 19-20, 2012
Bangladesh: DISASTER RISK REDUCTION
- May 2013 - Dissemination of Bangladesh's Disaster Management Act underway.
- September 2012: Bangladesh Passes Disaster Management Act
- Workshop develops a Statement of Principals following the analysis of the ECB Readiness Assessment Protocols (RAP) (October 2010).
- 2007 World Vision involved in on-going preparations for Cyclone Sidr response learning event; Development of Early Warning Systems (EWS), awareness raising with communities on EWS
- ECB Bangladesh Consortium publishes Voice of Journalists for Disaster Management Act with journalists in Bangladesh (May 2011).
- Article written for Humanitarian Practice Network April 2011 newsletter
- Bangladesh consortium organizes consultation workshop on 31 July 2011 at BRAC Inn, Dhaka for providing input in the development of Toward Resilience: A Guide to Disaster Risk Reduction and Climate Change Adaptation. The guide was launched in Bangladesh on 11th December 2012.
Bangladesh: CONSORTIUM ENGAGEMENT
- Bangladesh is one of our key ECB consortia countries – more details
- January 2013 - The 2012 Bangladesh Consortium Self-Assessment Survey is now available to download.
- November 2012: The Consortium Self-Assessment Survey (CSAS) workshop was held in ECB Bangladesh to discuss the process, methodology and approach used during the CSAS annual review process.
- October 2012: ALNAP recently published a blog “The trust factor: humanitarian networks in uncertain times” describing the function of humanitarian networks in Bangladesh. The article highlights the constructive work of the ECB Project and the value of their learning resource ‘What We Know About Collaboration: the ECB Country Consortium Experience’ and the fundamental importance of building and maintaining trust, acknowledged by the ECB Project and their ‘Building Trust in Diverse Teams’ tool.
Consortium Engagment Plan (CEP)/ Consortium Learning Review (CLR) held 4-5 May, 2011
- ECB Bangladesh and ACAPS release their Secondary Data Review (SDR) following floods in Bangladesh (September 2011)
Niger: DISASTER RISK REDUCTION
- Our learning from the PDRA and Planning Project - February 2013 newlsetter article.
- Toward Resilience: A Guide to Disaster Risk Reduction and Climate Change Adaptation consultation workshops held in Niger (July 2011). The guide was launched in Niger 17 December 2012.
- ACAPS, CALP, Infoasaid and the ECB Project produce a new Secondary Data Review for Niger (November 2011).
Bangladesh: STAFF CAPACITY
- June 2013 - ENHAnce Core Skills residential workshops conclude successfully.
- April 2013 - ENHAnce replication underway in Bangladesh.
- ECB Bangladesh to launch ENHAnce replication in 2013.
- Bangladesh ENHAnce (Expanding National Humanitarian Ability)
- Final two day ENHAnce workshop comprising simulation and learning event, 11-12 November 2012.
- March 2012: Emergency Food Security & Livelihoods (EFSL) assessment tools training
- ECB Bangladesh organised a multi-agency simulation held in Dhaka, observed by representatives from the Bolivia consortium as part of their learning exchange visit (Sept 2011).
- Other simulations held in March 2010 (CBHA) and February 2012 (ENHAnce)
- CBHA event held in Bangladesh in order to capture learning from the Humanitarian Staff Development Project and discuss new training programmes (November 2011).
Kenya: DISASTER RISK REDUCTION
- Toward Resilience: A Guide to Disaster Risk Reduction and Climate Change Adaptation consultation workshops - July 2011. The guide was launched in the Horn of Africa on 13 December 2012.
- Oxfam undertook collaborative research to identify the barriers to effective emergency response